What is arthritic pain?
Arthritic pain is characterised by stiffness and joint pain and generally worsens with age. Arthritic pain is mainly derived from two conditions – osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Osteoarthritis involves the cartilage covering the end of the bones deteriorating, whereas rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder which affects the synovium (lining of the joints).
Among the common symptoms of arthritic pain are; stiffness, persistent pain, redness, swelling, and an inhibited range of motion.
What causes arthritic pain?
Arthritic pain is caused predominantly in two different ways; the two main forms of arthritis:
Osteoarthritis causes gradual damage to the cartilage, which provides a coating for the end of the bones. When bone grinds on bone, the result can be both arthritic pain and restricted movement. While this kind of deterioration typically takes place over many years, the onset can be quickened by an infection or joint injury.
Rheumatoid arthritis involves the attacking of the joint capsule’s lining (synovium) by the immune system. This lining becomes swollen and inflamed and, in the end, this disease can destroy both the bone and cartilage of the joint.
There are several recognised factors which could indicate a higher risk of developing osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis and experiencing arthritic pain. They include family history, sex, body mass index, age, and previous joint injuries.
Treatment options for arthritic pain
Osteopathic sessions – which use specific manipulation techniques and targeted massages of ligaments and muscles – can directly address the pain and swelling which are symptoms of arthritic pain. This treatment is also able to significantly improve range of joint movement and mobility.
The stretching which pilates sessions involve can improve blood flow. This, in turn, increases the efficiency of oxygen and nutrient delivery to the muscles and tendons. Pilates movements which lengthen the body can assist in relieving soreness.
Practising yoga regularly can address some arthritic pain symptoms directly. The movements, stretches and exercises performed in yoga can reduce pain and increase joint mobility, as well as helping to manage the anxiety and stress which can often accompany arthritic pain.