Hip and knee osteoarthritis pain

What is hip and knee osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis can occur in both the hip and the knee joints. It is a condition which involves the inflammation of the joints, which can cause pain and swelling. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease which is the most common form of arthritis and is a condition which is related to ageing.

Hip and knee osteoarthritis can cause the cartilage tissue to wear away, increasing friction in the joints. There are two main types of osteoarthritis – hip and knee osteoarthritis is typically classed as primary. Secondary refers to osteoarthritis that is the result of an injury, or another condition which affects the cartilage.

Individuals with hip and knee osteoarthritis can experience stiffness, a stabbing pain or dull ache, and problems walking.

What are the causes of hip and knee osteoarthritis?

The exact cause of osteoarthritis has not yet been determined. However, there are factors which are recognised as contributing to the condition, including ageing, injury to the hip or knee joint and obesity.

Other potential factors include inherited cartilage defects; activities which repeatedly put strain on the hip or knee joint; and joints which have not been properly formed.

Treatment options for hip and knee osteoarthritis


Osteopathic treatment can serve to reduce the pain associated with hip and knee osteoarthritis, with the effect of delaying the decrease in life quality which can be associated with the onset of osteoarthritic pain. Hands-on techniques performed by osteopaths can offer the benefit of easing muscle tension in the area around the hip or knee joint. This can improve blood circulation in the targeted area, and lead to a decrease in inflammation and pain.


Physical exercises can have many benefits for those suffering from hip and knee osteoarthritis. A tailored exercise programme is able to improve the range of motion in the hip or knee joint, as well as strengthen the muscles around these joints to further improve their function. Physiotherapy can offer a way to reduce inflammation and pain. Exercises also improve balance, which can make everyday movements such as walking and squatting much easier and less painful.